Chemical peels are a method of regenerating and resurfacing the skin by using professional products to achieve the desired skin appearance. Chemical peels are applied to the skin, which makes it “blister” and eventually peel off, removing the top layers of the skin. The new skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than the old one; therefore it improves sun-damaged skin, pigmentation problems, wrinkles, skin texture, and the overall appearance of the skin.
The strength of the chemical peel is determined by its depth; deeper peels will have a greater number of effects and a longer recovery time, but also will result in a greater improvement in the skin.
How is pigmentation treated with chemical peels?
Pigmentation treatment involves chemical peels with 20%-50% salicylic acid concentrations, or trichloroacetic acid (TCA). The chemical solution is applied to the skin removing several layers of sun damaged skin cells to help gain a smoother skin and to reduce areas of darker pigment spots. The peel also stimulates the formation of new collagen, which helps improve skin texture as well.
There are different peeling levels that fit into every skin type according to its needs:
- For superficial depth level, Salicylic acid is ideal to treat uneven pigmentation and acne.
- For medium depth peel, the TCA peel is mainly used to treat fine surface wrinkles, superficial blemishes and blotchy pigmentation.
Chemical peel treatments may take up to one week for the renewal and rebuilding process to allow your skin to return to normal and see results. Specialists recommend getting a custom peeling treatment that combines different levels in order to achieve the desired results because light peeling is usually not enough to see the improvements in the skin. However, the highly skilled esthetician will advise on the appropriate peel level.
The session only takes 15 to 25 minutes; the treatment must be administered by a skin care specialist, esthetician or dermatologist. The patient is able to return to normal activities immediately after a chemical peel. And, for optimal results, apackage of 4 chemical peels is recommended, getting 2 sessions monthly is enough.
Chemical peels are recommended to patients with open pores, dull, tired skin, where there is a loss of glow. One of the greatest benefits of a chemical peel treatment is that it improves the skin tone and it can heal discoloration and scars on the face.