Pigmentation, which can result in darker patches on the skin, is caused by excessive UV exposure, thermal injury or inflammation.
Melanocytes are specialized cells within the epidermis which produce a pigment called melanin. This is distributed throughout the epidermis in small bundles called melanosomes which protect the DNA of skin cells from UV damage. It is why sun exposure darkens our skin – the more melanocytes in our skin, the easier we tan.
Damage to these cells caused by excessive UV exposure, thermal injury or inflammation can result in darker patches on the skin. Our advanced laser technology can treat sun damage such as freckles, age spots and sun spots.